NanoCenter and Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
University of South Carolina
1212 Greene Street, Columbia, SC 29208


May 1985 Chemistry studies and Diploma at the Eberhard-Karls Universität inTübingen/Germany. 

Sept 1985 – Aug 1986 Experimental part of Doctoral Thesis at the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination in Toulouse/France and at the Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation du Rayonnement Electromagnetique (LURE) in Paris/France.

Feb 1987 Ph.D. Thesis “Large-Angle X-ray Scattering and EXAFS Investigations of Metallorganic Polymers” 


May 1982 – May 1983 Research student at IBM Research Center in San Jose, California. Work in polymer chemistry in particular the synthesis of new perfluororalkylethers. 

Mar – Dec 1987 Postdoctoral appointment with Prof. Hartmut Fuess in Frankfurt/Germany. Synchrotron and neutron diffraction at HASYLAB (Hamburg,Germany) and the Institute Laue-Langevin (Grenoble,France).

Jan 1988 – July 1992 Scientist at the Institute Laue-Langevin, France. Work in crystallography, neutron optics, x-ray and neutron scattering, solid state chemistry. Supervision of three post-doctoral fellows.

Aug 1992 – Oct 1995  Associate physicist at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Responsible for construction and operation of a new high-resolution neutron powder diffractometer (H1A) at the HFBR.

Oct 1995 Promotion to physicist at BNL. Responsible for neutron powder diffraction at the High Flux Beam Reactor at BNL. Head of Participating Research Team involving industry (DuPont, UOP, Air Products, Biosym, IBM) and academia (UCSB, Oregon State, SUNYSB, Ames). Work in x-ray powder diffraction at beam line X7a at the NSLS.

Jan 2000 Promotion to group leader of the Powder Diffraction Group in the Physics Department at BNL. Responsible for high-resolution synchrotron x-ray scattering beam line X7A at NSLS. 

Jan 2003 – Sep 2005 Head of Materials Synthesis & Characterization Group in the BNL Physics Department, Cluster Leader of Materials Synthesis in the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) and Technical Coordinator for scientific equipment in the CFN project at BNL.

April 2004 Adjunct professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of South Carolina.

October 2005  Director of the NanoCenter and Professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of South Carolina.

January 2006 – 2009 Centenary Research Professor University of South Carolina.

Qualifications and Scientific Interests

  • Extensive knowledge of crystallography, structural chemistry and chemical synthesis as well as technical expertise in diffraction techniques and instrumentation using x-rays and neutrons.
  • Author of more than 240 publications in peer reviewed scientific journals. H-index: 36.
  • 3 major review articles.
  • Three U.S. patents (#6,238,823, #6,613,213, #7,074,386); two patent applications pending.


  • 2009 International Visiting Research Fellowship at the University of Sydney
  • 2008 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  • 2006 Fellow of the American Physical Society
  • 2002 Design and Engineering Award of Popular Mechanics
  • 1996 R&D 100 award from R&D magazine

Scientific Highlights and Main Collaborations

  • Pressure-induced hydration, insertion and confinement of  water in framework structures under hydrostatic pressures [Joe Hriljac , U. Birmingham UK and Yongjee Lee Yonsei University, Korea)]
  • Materials with negative thermal expansion, R&D 100 award 1996  [A.W. Sleight, Oregon State, J.S.O. Evans Durham, UK]
  • High-pressure studies of alloys and oxides [J.A. Hriljac (U. of Birmingham), B. Kennedy (U. Sydney), P.M. Woodward (Ohio State), J. Parise (SUNY Stony Brook), H-C.. zur Loye (USC)]
  • Hydrogen storage systems and battery related materials; 2002 Design and Engineering Award of Popular Mechanics [J. Reilly, J. McBreen (BNL)]
  • Spin and charge order in complex oxides  [P.M. Woodward (Ohio State), P. Karen (Oslo), A.K. Cheetham (UCSB), B. Kennedy (Sydney), B. Hunter (ANSTO)]
  • Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy of oxide catalysts [Doug Blom (USC) & Doug Buttrey (Delaware)]

Significant Scientific Achievements as a Leader

  • Structural determination of the heptacoordinated molecules IF7 and ReF7 using   high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. (T. Vogt, AN Fitch, JK Cockroft Science 263, 1265 (1994))
  • Localization of hydrogen in zeolite Y (M. Czjzek, H. Jobic, AN Fitch, T. Vogt J. Phys. Chem. 96, 1535 (1992)) 
  • Temperature and pressure-driven spin state transitions in cobaltates  (T. Vogt, PM Woodward, P. Karen, BA Hunter, P. Henning, AR Moodenbaugh Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2969 (2000))
  • First structure of a super-hydrated zeolite. (Y. Lee, J.A. Hriljac, , T. Vogt,, J.B. Parise, andG. Artioli  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 12732-12733 (2001) 

Advances in Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques

  • High temperature neutron single crystal and powder diffraction experiments at 2000K
  • Design and construction of a new wafer-based high-resolution monochromator for neutron powder diffraction.
  • Measurement device for neutron diffraction of thin films avoiding preferred orientation.
  • High-pressure/low-temperature powder diffraction using synchrotron radiation.

Selected Talks and Public Appearances

  • Invited by the International Atomic Energy Commission (IAEA) to lecture at the 1993 IAEA Regional Training Course on Nuclear Methods in Materials Development in Beijing, China, August 1993 Full day course on Neutron Scattering.
  • Distinguished speaker at the annual meeting of the Norwegian Physical Society, Oslo, July 1994 “High-Resolution Neutron Powder Diffraction” 
  • Workshop on Composite Germanium Monochromators, Alp Sellamatt, Switzerland, June 11-13, 1995“The development of wafer stacked composite monochromators at BNL.” 
  • Workshop on Neutron Instrumentation in Les Houches, France, 1995 “Wafer-based germanium monochromators for high-resolution neutron powder diffraction.” 
  • International Union of Crystallography Congress in Seattle Washington, August 1996 “High Resolution Neutron Powder Diffraction at BNL.” 
  • Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Toronto, 1997 “Non-stoichiometric AB5+x electrodes for NiMH batteries.” 
  • Australian Physical Society Meeting in Wagga Wagga, February 1998 “Negative Thermal Expansion.” 
  • International Conference on Rare Earths in Fremantle, Australia, October 1998 “Non-stoichiometric AB5 Type Alloys and their properties as Metal Hydride Electrodes.” 
  • American Chemical Society Meeting in Boston, August 2002 “Charge- and spin-order in mixed valence iron and cobalt double perovskites.” 
  • Catalysis Club of Chicago, February 2003 “Towards a High Pressure Chemistry of Zeolites.” 
  • Workshop on Strongly Correlated Electronic Materials, Princeton University, January 27&28, 2005 
  • Speaker at the 2005 National Science Foundation Workshop on Inorganic Chemistry 
  • Invited talk at the Department of Energy’s Workshop on “Dealing with Societal Implications of DOE Science.” May 1-2,2006 
  • Panelist on the PBS series “The Power of Small”, broadcasted in April 2008 
  • Panelist on TV program Carolina Business Review with Chris Williams March & June 2008 

Professional Activities

  • Membership in the American Chemical Society, American Physical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Materials Research Society. 
  • Adjunct Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of South Carolina. Research in science and technology studies; focus on the societal implications of nanotechnologies. 
  • Member of the Industrial Mathematics Institute at the University of South Carolina 
  • Past Member of the International Advisory Team for the Neutron Powder Diffraction at the Replacement Research Reactor Project at the Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organization in Sydney, Australia 
  • Past Head of the Industrial Advisory Board for the Department of Materials Science & Engineering at the State University of New York Stony Brook 
  • Member of the Technical Advisory Board for IMAGO since 2003 
  • Organizer of the Materials Research Society Symposium “Materials for Hydrogen Storage-2004”. 
  • Member of Program Advisory Committee and co-editor of foresight report based on NMI3-sponsored workshop on “Neutrons, Earth Sciences and Environment” Vienna Spring 2005 
  • Speaker at Tradeline Conference Series “Research Buildings 2005” April 19-19 St. Petersburg, Florida 
  • Program Committee for SPIE symposium “Buildings for Nanoscale Research and Beyond” 31 July – 4 August 2005 San Diego , CA 
  • Chief Technology Officer of Nanosource, LLC, LUMINOF, LLC and Sens4, LLC 
  • Member of the Board of Directors of the University of South Carolina Research Foundation March 2008 
  • Member of Research Equipment Program Committee at the University of South Carolina 2006-2007 
  • Member of the Research Advisory Council at the University of South Carolina 2007-2008 
  • Head of Search Committee for Endowed Chair and Head of Center of Economic Excellence in Polymer Nanocomposites (2007) at the University of South Carolina 
  • Principal Investigator of the Center of Economic Excellence in Nanoenvironmental Research and Risk Assessment proposal 
  • Member of the Faculty of the African University for Science & Technology, Ajuba, Nigeria August 2009